Jacek Sitkiewicz - Laser Dentistry - Simply is Better - FAQ's -


Frequently Asked Questions

Below is a list of frequently asked questions regarding standard, and laser dentistry proceedures.
If you are seeking the answer to a question that is not shown on this list, please Contact me!



Teeth whitening

Teeth whitening is one of the best, easiest and cheapest cosmetic dentistry procedures that will give you a brighter, more attractive and more confident smile. Teeth whitening can benefit anyone with healthy teeth.



ezLase Biolase Laser Teeth Whitening


Our fastest way is laser teeth whitening, which can achieve a whiter and brighter smile in only an hour! We use EzLase diode laser with dedicated Laserwhite 20 whitening gel.


Home Teeth whitening


The other way to whiten your teeth is home teeth whitening. A very simple and cost effective way to get the brighter smile you have always wanted. After an assessment custom made whitening trays will be made for you and all you have to do is use them with the whitening gel we provide you about 30 minutes to an hour a day for about 10 days.


Why do teeth discolour?


Teeth can discolour from certain foods colourings and drinks like tea, coffee, red wine or even smoking. As we get older teeth can naturally discolour due to the enamel wearing and showing the darker dentine through.






White Fillings


If your tooth is broken or worn you may require a filling. White fillings are great at restoring teeth and look great too! White fillings are made of resin or porcelain depending on what is needed for your tooth. They are bonded with tooth tissues via bonding system. That makes tooth structure stronger and more secure.


Do I Need a Filling?


  • Tooth has a hole (cavity)
  • Tooth has decay
  • Tooth is worn down
  • Tooth has a crack
  • Tooth needs restoring


Alternatives to Fillings


If you require a large filling then an inlay or onlay or a dental crown may be stronger as large fillings are not the best solution for big cavities.


Gum Disease



Did you know that over 80% of the population has some form of gum disease? Gum disease is caused by bacteria which live in the plaque and tartar on the surface of your teeth. These bacteria produce harmful chemicals that cause your gums to bleed and recede.

If you don't remove the plaque, your gums become swollen and bleed easily. This can cause pain and infection in your mouth.






If the gum disease progresses your gums detach away from your teeth to form pockets or gaps between your teeth and gums. These gaps are called periodontal pockets. These pockets cannot be cleaned at home and tend to become infected with more bacteria.

If allowed to progress the infection spreads and can cause your teeth to loosen. Also studies have shown that bacteria found in gum disease are also found in heart disease and therefore may have serious health implications!

It is gum disease and not tooth decay which is the biggest cause of tooth loss in adults.

We can treat and prevent gum disease to:

  • Avoid fillings
  • Reduce dental fees
  • Keep your healthy teeth for life
  • Have fresh breath
  • Reduce the chance of bacteria passing to other organs of the body!





In our practice we use Waterlase MD laser for innovative Deep Pocket Therapy and diode EzLase laser for many other periodontal procedures.


Dental crowns


Strengthening your teeth and improving their appearance

Dental crowns protect damaged, cracked and worn teeth. A dental crown is a tooth shaped cap constructed from porcelain that is bonded over a tooth covering it to improve its appearance and to restore its shape, size and strength.


The benefits of dental crowns


Porcelain crowns or dental crowns protect the entire surface from any further decay, damage or erosion. They also improve the aesthetics of your teeth. When teeth need strengthening dental crowns may be the treatment for you. If you are unsure whether you require a dental crown, dont hesitate to Contact Us with any further questions that you may have.









When a dental crown may be needed?

  • After root canal treatment or an implant a dental crown maybe fitted. The dental crown is often needed to protect the tooth or teeth after these treatments.
  • Significant decay has damaged the tooth and not enough tooth is left. Dental crowns are best at protecting teeth.
  • If a tooth is badly damaged the dental crown is a great choice to restore the tooth.
  • Like above if the tooth is badly worn from erosion or grinding then a dental crown may be the only option to preserve and restore the existing tooth..
  • For cosmetic reasons porcelain crowns can enhance the appearance of you teeth.


What are dental crowns made from?

  • Metal alloy bonded to porcelain. Sometimes after a period of time dental crowns made from metal and porcelain / ceramic may cause dark lines in the gums. This may appear unattractive.
  • Gold crowns. Not often used today but are very long lasting and good where there is very little room in the bite on back teeth.
  • Porcelain crowns. For a natural appearance porcelain crowns or ceramic crowns give the best results.


Dental bridges


Dental bridges are one of the options to replace missing teeth


What are dental bridges?

Dental bridges are fixed to specially prepared teeth. These teeth are usually the teeth either end of a gap. They are made form the same materials as dental crowns. A dental bridge is used to bridge a gap (missing teeth) between healthy teeth. Teeth on either side of the gap are reshaped and reduced in size. These then act as anchors, or abutments. The dental bridge is attached to these anchor teeth - filling the missing tooth or teeth space.


Benefits of dental bridges

Dental bridges can stop teeth from drifting into gaps. They will improve function, bite, chewing, cosmetics and help filling out the face where you have lost teeth.


When you may need a dental bridge?

Dental bridges are a safe option to replace missing teeth when you do not wish a partial denture or an implant.


What are dental bridges made from?

  • Metal alloy bonded to porcelain. Good strong traditional dental bridges.
  • Porcelain bridges. For a natural appearance porcelain bridges or ceramic bridges give the best aesthetic results.


Partial Dentures


What are partial dentures?


A Partial denture is a great option to replace some missing teeth.

Partial dentures can help keep your own teeth in place and improve the health of your mouth as a whole.








Types of Partial Denture

There are 3 types of partial denture. Partial dentures can be made from acrylic, chrome or Valplast. Acrylic partial dentures are made from an acrylic resin. They are quick to make and comfortable. Chrome Partial dentures take a little longer to make due to their special construction. Chrome Partial dentures tend to be more comfortable, stronger and last longer. Valplast partial dentures tend to be even more comfortable, cosmetic (no metal parts or clusps) and stabilising remaining teeth. More than that , manufacturer gives lifetime warranty on the Valplast material when used and mantained properly.


What are the benefits of having partial dentures?

Having a partial denture has many benefits. Teeth dentures will improve cosmetics i.e. give you teeth quick. Partial dentures will prevent existing teeth from shifting into unfavourable positions. They are relatively cheaper compared to dental bridges or dental implants. Partial dentures can also help you retain the rest of your teeth as wearing the denture will help distribute bite force, wear and function. They will greatly help you eat and chew. Dentures will also make you look younger as they fill out the jaw and cheeks and correct sagging of the face.


Root Canal Treatment


What is Root Canal treatment (Endodontic treatment)?


Root canal treatment is required when the pulp of the tooth becomes infected or inflamed. This is caused by bacteria. The bacteria can gain entry into the root canal from decay, cracks or any trauma to the tooth and it can lead to symptoms such as sensitivity to hot and cold and tenderness to biting, however sometimes no symptoms can occur.







If the root is not cleaned and disinfected it can lead to a worsening infection and possible loss of the tooth. The aim of root canal treatment is firstly to remove the bacteria and any inflamed or infected tissue and secondly to fill the root so future infection does not occur. To achieve that we use combination of techniques : NiTi rotary files, ultrasonic, Waterlase MD laser . As the radial firing tip moves along the canal wall, its radial YSGG laser energy penetrates deep into dentin and tubules to reach and destroy hidden bacteria. Research has shown that most root canal treatment failures are caused by persistent or secondary intraradicular infections, with E. faecalis, the most prevalent species. Waterlase MD treatment may reduce the risk of retreatment.


Do I Need Endodonics?

You may need endodontic treatment if your tooth has decay to the pulp (nerve), or if you have suffered trauma to the teeth. When teeth are traumatised the nerve usually dies.

This can cause pain but sometimes you may not be aware of anything. An x-ray of the tooth usually diagnoses whether root canal treatment is required or not. Sometimes infection can get to the nerve of the tooth from gum disease.


What Happens If I Don't Have Root Canal Treatment?

If the tooth is left you will get an abscess beneath the tooth. This will lead to pain, swelling and may cause bone loss around the tooth. This can lead to tooth extraction.


How long will the treatment take and will it hurt?


The treatment can take from 1-2 hours and there may be a need for more then one visit depending on the tooth being treated and the extent of the infection. Root treatment is carried out under local anaesthetic and is a comfortable painless process. There may be post operative discomfort but this is usually controlled with the use of painkillers.












Will the treatment work?

The success rate of root canal treatment varies from 85-95%. This depends on many factors such as the extent of infection, response of the individual to treatment, possible complications such as the presence of root cracks/fractures.


Dental Veneers


What are dental veneers?

Dental veneers are a permanent, effective and pain-free way of improving the aesthetic appearance and function of one's teeth. Dental veneers consist of wafer-thin pieces of porcelain, composite bonding or ceramic, which are bonded to the front surface of the teeth to improve their aesthetic appearance.

Are dental veneers suitable for you?

Every patient has different needs, so to give you a definitive answer we would advise you to have a consultation with us.


Some uses of dental veneers:

  • Chipped Teeth: Teeth that have been damaged through injuries, decay or accidents can be repaired with dental veneers.
  • Worn Teeth: Dental veneers can be used to effectively restore the natural shape of worn teeth.
  • Discoloured Teeth: Years of substance abuse can wreak havoc on your teeth, which can, in some cases, be difficult to restore with simple teeth whitening treatments. This is when dental veneers can be the ideal option.
  • Misaligned Teeth: If you don't want to wear unattractive metal braces to straighten crooked teeth, then dental veneers could be the right alternative for you.
  • Gaps Between Teeth: Dental veneers can be used to fill in the gaps between teeth, to give a perfectly proportionate smile


Advantages of Dental Veneers

  • They just look like natural teeth
  • They are stain resistant and do not discolour
  • Dental veneers are durable and long lasting
  • Preservation of healthy tooth tissues